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Uranium is a silvery-white metallic chemical element. It occurs naturally in low concentrations of a few parts per million in soil, rock and water. The main use of uranium in the civilian sector is to fuel nuclear power plants.
A set of seventeen chemical elements including lanthanides plus scandium and yttrium. Despite their name, rare earth minerals are relatively plentiful in the Earth's crust.
Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth Geothermal power is cost effective, reliable, sustainable, and environmentally friendly.
Mineral sands are a class of ore deposit which are important an source of zirconium, titanium, thorium, tungsten, rare earth elements, the industrial minerals diamond, sapphire, garnet, and occasionally precious metals or gemstones.
Phosphates are the naturally occurring form of the element phosphorus, found in many phosphate minerals. Inorganic phosphates are mined to obtain phosphorus for use in agriculture and industry
Tantalum is a rare, hard, blue-gray, lustrous transition metal that is highly corrosion resistant. Valuable for laboratory equipment and a substitute for platinum. Used chiefly for tantalum capacitors in electronic equipment.
Iron oxides are chemical compounds composed of iron and oxygen. Iron oxides are widely used as inexpensive, durable pigments in paints, coatings and coloured concretes.
Bauxite is an aluminium ore and is the main source of aluminium. Australia is one of the top producers of bauxite with almost one-third of the world's production.
A mineral occurring as prismatic crystals, typically brown but sometimes in translucent varieties of gem quality. It consists of zirconium silicate and is the chief ore of zirconium. Primarily used for the construction of ceramics.
A gray, crystalline, allotropic form of carbon that occurs as a mineral in some rocks and can be made from coke. It is used as a solid lubricant, in pencils, and as a moderator in nuclear reactors
Common name for potassium carbonate and various mined and manufactured salts that contain the element potassium in water-soluble form. Useful in making soap, in the manufacture of glass, and as a fertilizer.
Solar energy is in the form of solar radiation. Through the use of various technologies, solar radiation can be harnessed and used as a form of energy. Solar energy technologies include solar heating, solar photovoltaics, solar thermal electricity and solar architecture.